CUSTOM ORDER JEWELRY
The name of this stone comes from the Arabic word "faridat" meaning "precious stone" and from the word "olivine" (from the Latin "olivus" because of its color).
This precious stone is mainly made of magnesium, iron and silica. The green color is due to the presence of nickel and chrome.
It was often confused with the emerald because of their similar color. When you look at it with an artificial light, the peridot shines showing a sparkling green color very similar to the emerald color but is still of a softer hue. The nicknames of this stone are the "evening emerald" or the "emerald of the poor". It can also be called chrysolite and olivine.
The rare peridots are called pallasites: actually, they are meteorites and are the only alien precious stones known by humans.
All the peridot stones that are more than 8 ct belong to collectors or are in museums. The most beautiful collections are in the Natural history museum of New York and at the Field Museum of Chicago. The Smithsonian institute of Washington owns a spectacular cut peridot of 310 cts.
It was known by Egyptians as the "Sun stone" and was quite famous. It is a common stone that you will find in Greek and Nomadic jewelry. Because it is a shiny stone, it has always been linked to the concept of light.
It became quite popular around 1500 B.C when Egyptians started to excavate it in Zabargad (later known as St John Island, about 80 km from the Egyptian coast in the Red Sea). Pharaoh’s soldiers would carefully look after this treasure.
It is a tradition to excavate this stone during the night. This is when the natural shine of the stone is much easier to see with the lamps of miners.
It is also said that Cleopatra used to own a great jewelry collection with emeralds, which were actually peridots. But the Ottoman sultans are the ones who used to own the greatest collection for a period of 600 years, between 1300 and 1918.
People from Hawaii thought that the peridot was the tears of the goddess called Pelé.
In the Bible, peridot is mentioned as one of the twelve stones of Aaron’s armor which was a symbol of the twelve tribes as well as a symbol of the twelve doors of the New Jerusalem.
Crusaders brought back a lot of peridot stones in Europe that were used in the decoration of churches. One of the most famous cases is the jewel that decorates the sanctuary of the three kings in the Cathedral of Cologne. People thought it was an emerald but it is actually a peridot.
It is commonly thought that peridot used to protect from night fears, even more if it was bezel set in gold metal. People also thought that if you would wear it on your left wrist with donkey hair, it would frighten bad spirits.
Mines: Brazil, Afghanistan, Canary Islands, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, USA, and Russia.
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